Over the past decade, rates have increased substantially, reaching all-time highs. In fact, according to the , nearly 18 million people across the globe die each year from ; that's a 17% jump over the past ten years. Therefore, it’s no surprise that is the leading cause of death worldwide.
is an umbrella term that encompasses several , including , stroke, , , and complications. Each of these conditions has its own set of causes and symptoms, but without proper treatment, they are all potentially life-threatening.
Fortunately, common medications for
are widely available and they’re worth discussing with your doctor.
treatment is a complex and, at times, very demanding process. It involves numerous components, including medication, dieting, and exercise -- all working together for maximum effectiveness.
Your medication and treatment regimen will vary depending on the symptoms and severity of your condition. However, by working with your doctor and your provider, you're sure to find a treatment plan that is right for you!
There are so types of drugs that are used to treat , and your doctor will decide the best treatment for your loved one's situation. The following 9 medications give you a quick look at many typical cardiac medications.
work by not allowing your body to convert angiotensin I into angiotensin II. Angiotensin is a hormone produced naturally within your body, and when it’s released, transform it into angiotensin II.
Typically a healthy person can handle angiotensin II without it causing any ill effects. However, if you have specific cardiovascular issues, such as or , then angiotensin II is problematic. This is because angiotensin II causes to constrict, which, in turn, raises your blood pressure.
Therefore, taking an ACE inhibiting medication prevents angiotensin I from converting angiotensin II. Inhibiting the conversion of angiotensin allows to continue unrestricted and helps you to maintain levels.
Additionally, aid your and in recovering after you suffer a , and they reduce the chances of having another attack.
The most common :
' are similar to , as they both work in preventing angiotensin II from constricting in your body. Despite their similarities, block the receptors that process the angiotensin II hormone after being converted from angiotensin I. also assist in keeping the open and unconstricted, preventing .
are typically only prescribed for patients with adverse reactions to .
The most common :
Coagulated blood, also known as a , is a semi-solid mass of blood that typically forms in response to an external wound or damage to an artery or . It is the ' job to stop any bleeding and close off the wound so that the healing process can begin.
However, sometimes a clot will form for no apparent reason, and instead of helping, it creates a life-threatening situation by blocking . This type of clot can occur nearly anywhere in your body, but when a clot blocks the blood flowing to your .
The symptoms of arterial thrombosis are , shortness of breath, and dizziness — the precursors of a . Fortunately, the chances of suffering a from a can be reduced significantly by taking .
are often colloquially referred to as , even though they do not thin the blood. not only prevent existing from growing in size, but they eliminate the chance that you’ll have another while taking them. On the other hand, cannot break down an existing .
The most common :
Numerous lead to plaque in your arteries, such as obesity, , and a sedentary lifestyle.
Plaque causes your artery walls to become narrow and undulated, making it easier for blood cells to collect and, eventually, block . If your doctor is concerned with the plaque in your arteries, they may prescribe an agent.
are similar to as they both stave off and . However, unlike , utilize thromboxane to ensure don’t stick together in a clot.
medications are also commonly prescribed to patients with like . Conversely, this treatment does not apply to those with , which raises the risk of .
The most common agents are:
are well-known for their effectiveness in managing and , but they can also prevent a second , which makes them unique.
. have been a top-of-the-line medication for for many years, but they have since taken a backseat to alternatives. However, doctors have recently used as a preventative measure against secondary
block the receptors of adrenaline (epinephrine) and noradrenaline (norepinephrine) functions in your body. Through a chain of events, the can regulate the fight or flight response and help to control stress levels.
When stressors and stress are minimum, the chances of , let alone a , are significantly lower.
The most common :
As an effective antihypertensive medication, work through the calcium channels in your body to block the transfer of calcium. These channel blockers are very effective in lowering blood pressure for those who suffer from . It has also proven beneficial for reducing blood pressure in elderly patients.
have shown to be a better option for treatment when compared with , although calcium blockers have more . If you suffer from , you should talk to your doctor about which one of these options is right for you.
The most common :
, especially , can lead to problematic health issues, including , stroke, and obesity. Moreover, causes plaque formation on the interior walls of your arteries, making it more difficult for the heart to pump blood.
In addition, these plaque deposits are perfect spots for blood cells to collect and become clots.
medication and have been around for decades and they’re very effective in reducing bad and improving good HDL . Not to mention, it helps lower the plaque in your arteries and reduces your risk of succumbing to .
The most common -Lowering medications are:
Digitalis, or , is a relatively new used in treating ( ) and . It can also treat heart pain ( ) immediately following a or . Digitalis adds calcium into the muscle cells of your heart, sending it into overdrive, beating faster and pumping more blood.
Digitalis treats by modifying and slowing the signals within the heart.
When properly slowed, the signals between the brain and heart become clearer; this significantly decreases issues. Along with starting digitalis, your doctor may start you on and .
dilate your , which allows more blood to be pumped through your body than usually occurs. are particularly well-suited for relieving the symptoms of ( ) and
The most common n
We've covered the most common medications for , so maybe it's time you take the next step toward and schedule a talk with your .
After all, isn't going to wait on you, so you need to be ready for it when it strikes. is the number one cause of death worldwide, but that doesn't mean you have to be a victim.
Robert C. Fisher is a Nurse Director at a large medical center in Boston, MA, and holds a Master’s in Nursing Leadership and Administration and an MBA in Healthcare Management.
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