is the number one cause of death for people in the United States, of most racial and ethnic backgrounds. Taking steps now towards prevention for your loved one is important.
The condition known as
includes a number of different problems. These conditions are often related to .
occurs due to plaque build-up in the artery walls, narrowing the arteries and making it more difficult for blood to flow. Arteries are the carrying nutrients and oxygen from the heart to the rest of the body. Without taking steps to treat or prevent , these blockages can lead to or stroke.
Whether your loved one has been told by a
that they are at , or you are concerned about their and want to help them reduce the , this article will outline the steps you can take as a caregiver to help prevent .
is very common in the United States, making it the leading cause of death for most racial and ethnic groups. The good news is that most of the are preventable, by making .
for that you can help your loved one reverse or avoid are:
, especially high
and extra-large waist size
If your loved one has been diagnosed with diabetes, he or she may be at for . The risk of and stroke are related to high blood levels.
According to the patients with both and diabetes are at double the risk for . It’s important, therefore, to help your loved one control their levels and follow their doctor’s advice for diabetes management to reduce their .
that can’t be controlled include and age.
The following are the steps to help reduce your loved one’s and prevent . It’s important to follow the advice of your loved one’s
Never starting is ideal, but quitting smoking is still an essential step in overall . Encourage your loved one to begin a smoking cessation program to prevent .
Today in the U.S., smokers make up less of the population than ex-smokers, a very promising statistic.
Being overweight or obese puts your loved one at .
Reaching and maintaining a can lower the and stroke, as well as diabetes and a number of different types of cancer.
One Harvard study found that weight gain after the age of 20 contributes to . In addition to , those who gained more than 11 pounds were at higher risk of developing and .
Having a high Adult . Calculator by the ( ) puts one at for . There are many free online calculators to help determine your loved one’s , including this
While weight and National Institutes of Health determined that men with a waist size below 40 inches, and women below 35 inches, are at lower risk for and other serious health problems. Help your loved one work towards a smaller waist for prevention.
are important numbers to track, the
Adding more is a great way for your loved one to prevent . It can reduce for many other serious conditions as well. Making time for exercise together can be an effective and .
Prioritizing can lower their , osteoporosis, , stroke, , and cancer. Other benefits of regular exercise include better sleep, lowered stress, and improved moods.
Something as simple as a daily walk with your loved one, can help them maintain a , and avoid , which is a significant for .
If he or she has been sedentary for some time, they can start with short 10-minute walks each day, gradually increasing to 30-minute walks at a brisker pace, at least every other day.
Swimming, and cardio exercise classes in water, are also great ways to begin adding into their life.
Research shows that the more time one spends each day sitting at a desk, on the couch, or driving, the higher their chance of dying of
. So encourage your loved one to get up and out for a walk as much as possible.
Choosing as part of a is one of the most important you can implement for (or with) your loved one, for prevention.
We have long been told that and fat are the enemies of the . Over time, research has been able to make more meaningful recommendations focused more on whole foods, rather than individual nutrients.
For example, we now know that a low-fat diet isn’t enough to prevent , and incorporating healthy unsaturated fats such as olive oil can be .
The best choices for a
to prevent for your loved one will include:
daily servings of fruits and vegetables
nuts and legumes
fish and poultry
You’ll want to help them to limit alcohol, red meat, dairy, refined carbohydrates, added sugar and salt, and any food with . Start checking labels at the grocery store, and choose foods with low sugar, sodium, and zero to support .
Shop the outermost aisle of the grocery store, where the lean meats and produce are found, and go easy on the processed foods found in the boxes and cans in the middle aisles.
Studies have found that following the style of the can result in and improved . The may be defined as one involving healthy fats such as olive oil and nuts, a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables, and poultry and fish in small amounts. In general, the keeps processed meats, sweets, red meat, and dairy to a minimum.
Avoiding processed foods is an easy way to reduce sodium intake for your loved one.
is a for and is correlated with high sodium intake.
Support your loved one to see their
for regular check-ups. Have routine bloodwork done to monitor and levels.
Help your loved one follow any
prevention program recommended by their . Such a protocol may include taking steps towards , beginning an exercise program, and taking prescribed medications.
Taking these steps toward
can be life-changing for your loved one. It is possible to prevent by following these .
Support your loved one to avoid , maintain a , make a priority and adopt choices today, to prevent tomorrow.
A Nurse Director at a large medical center in Boston, MA, who holds a Master’s in Nursing Leadership and Administration and an MBA in Healthcare Management.
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